Energy resources

Switzerland has a high per capita consumption of energy resources. Its energy requirements are covered by various sources: fossil fuels such as combustibles and motor fuels make up the largest portion thereof.

Coal seam in the Lower Freshwater Molasse
Coal seam in the Lower Freshwater Molasse on Höhronen, Canton Zug


Energy forms the basis for almost all aspects of modern man. Switzerland has limited energy reserves at its disposal and imports more than three quarters of the required energy sources such as petroleum, natural gas or nuclear fuel from abroad. Hydropower, wood and other renewable energy types constitute domestic energy sources. Together these cover less than 20 percent of the total demand.

Renewable energy should be promoted

As a result of the increasing energy demand and declining reserves of fossil fuels, Switzerland must in the coming decades make great efforts to promote renewable resource types such as sun, wind, geothermal energy or biomass. Among renewable energy resources, geology only plays a central role in the geothermal energy.

Who is who

Various public offices and private organizations provide information on energy resources in Switzerland. Here is a selection:

Swiss Federal Office of Energy SFOE

c/o ETH Zürich
NO F 35
Sonneggstrasse 5
CH-8092 Zürich
Tel. +41 44 632 37 28

Extensive studies have been conducted, under the direction of the SGTK, on the availability of energy resources such as peat, coal or uranium and published in the series “Beiträge zur Geologie der Schweiz”.

Mühlestrasse 4
CH-3063 Ittigen
Tel. +41 31 322 56 11


You will find energy statistics and background information on the SFOE website.

Spitalgasse 5
CH-8001 Zürich
Tel. +41 44 218 50 10


Information about petroleum in Switzerland and around the world can be found on the homepage of the Swiss Erdölvereinigung. 

Grütlistr. 44
CH-8027 Zürich
Tel +41 44 288 31 31


The VSG homepage provides information on natural gas. 

There are a small number of old mines (open to the public) in Switzerland which deal with the subject of coal.

Links to public-access mines


The SGTK has since their establishment been publishing documentation, reports, databases and maps on energy resources in Switzerland. Additional publications are issued by professional associations and societies.


You will obtain statistics on various aspects of energy in Switzerland from the Swiss Federal Office of Energy.

Scientific studies

You can obtain the results of scientific studies on energy resources in a geological context for example, coal or uranium in Switzerland, from the Swiss Geotechnical Commission.


The Geological Data Viewer and the Atlas of Switzerland provide map-based representations of energy resource occurrences in Switzerland.


Several extensive collections on energy resources (hand specimens and rock thin sections) are maintained by the SGTK and can be viewed by prior appointment.


ETH Zurich Department of Earth Sciences
Georesources Switzerland Group
NO F35
Sonneggstrasse 5
CH-8092 Zurich
+41 44 632 37 28


Print contact

Fossil fuels: deposits